This article, a complete guide to how to write a lesson plan in Nigeria, covers the following topics: what is a lesson plan, why is lesson planning important, elements of a lesson plan, and lesson planning steps?
What is a lesson plan?
A lesson plan is a detailed instruction manual provided by a teacher to facilitate a lesson. The level of detail in the plan depends on the preferences of the teacher, the topic covered, and the needs or curiosity of the students.
Usually, a lesson plan includes the basic goal of the lesson (what students need to learn), a collection of teaching and learning activities (how the teacher intends to achieve the goal, their teaching style, and procedure), and method evaluation (ways to measure whether the objective of the lesson has been achieved). The lesson plan is then the teacher’s manual that describes what students are to learn, how it will be taught, and how learning will be measured. A good lesson plan helps the teacher be more effective in the classroom.
Why is lesson planning essential?
If you have been teaching for a while, you will certainly confirm the importance of a lesson plan. Nothing can be more frustrating than walking into a classroom without a guide; it’s like being in a new city without a map. Therefore, this article, Complete Guide on How to Write a Lesson plan in Nigeria; will not be complete without mentioning why lesson plans are important.
Here are 7 reasons why a lesson plan is so important.
- Guide: A good lesson plan helps the teacher answer the two most important questions; what to teach and how to teach.
- Develops a teacher’s confidence: Good lesson planning helps not only the teacher to work with the goal, but also helps to develop well-being. He will be aware of current and new styles of teaching in vogue, which will enable him to adhere to best teaching practices that provide effective teaching. He will be known as a knowledgeable, knowledgeable, and confident teacher.
- Time management: A step-by-step lesson plan helps the teacher cover the entire lesson in a limited amount of time. With a lesson plan, he can teach with a better sense of direction and absolute control.
- Avoid Repetition: With the help of a lesson plan, a teacher takes into account the level and prior knowledge of the students. This helps prevent the previously taught lesson from being repeated. It also helps prevent accidental omissions, especially when students move from one term to another.
- Create an atmosphere of expectation for students: With a lesson plan, a teacher can ask appropriate and important questions that create an anticipatory atmosphere for students in the classroom. This way of asking questions helps students prepare for what’s to come. This will also engage students in communication and lesson retention, especially when engaging them in a focused discussion on a particular topic.
- Proper Preparation: No matter how comprehensive you are on a subject, good preparation is important. Since the lesson plan makes it clear to teachers what to teach and how to teach, it further helps to prepare for a lesson. The teacher can research the topic, gather more information, and suggest learning tools and relevant teaching materials shared with students.
- Evaluation: The lesson plan helps the teacher compare his teaching with the set goals. Assessment helps the teacher ensure that students are learning what they should be learning.
Elements of a lesson plan – Lesson plan format in Nigeria
There are several lesson plan format in Nigeria to choose from, which is great. Regardless of the format you use, it’s important to make sure you have the five elements that make up a good lesson plan. These five elements are necessary to ensure a successful learning experience.
The 5 elements of a lesson plan are: linking prior knowledge, participation and education, active learning, reflection, and extending learning.
- Linking prior knowledge: Here the teacher links to the students’ prior knowledge to help the students remember something they have already learned and to make them feel comfortable learning something new.
- Involve and educate: Here the teacher presents new information to engage and educate students. The use of direct instructions, modeling, and concrete examples is very essential.
- Active Learning: This is the part where the teacher actively engages students in a pre-planned activity. The teacher can divide the students into groups to ensure that the activity is engaging and interactive.
- Reflection: It is very important to give students the opportunity to reflect on what they have learned and share it orally or in writing.
- Expanding learning: It involves learning beyond the four walls of the classroom. Students should have the opportunity to see how the lesson applies to the real world by linking knowledge to future learning.
When these five elements of a lesson plan are incorporated into one lesson, it is easy to achieve a successful learning experience for all students.
Steps for a lesson plan
The next thing we will look at in this comprehensive guide on how to write a lesson plan in Nigeria is the six steps of lesson planning. The six steps of lesson planning are:
- Identify learning objectives – Effective teaching goes beyond exposing students to subjects. You need to set measurable goals – what students will know and be able to do after the learning experience.
- Plan specific learning activities – This should be linked to the learning objectives of the lesson. Here you plan the activities that students should undertake to develop the skills and knowledge needed to demonstrate effective learning.
- Plan to assess student understanding – You can assess students’ understanding on the basis of planned oral questions, written tests, assignments, etc. Scheduled assessment helps you know if your students are learning.
- Organize the lesson in an interesting and meaningful way – Lesson sequence to capture students’ attention, introduce learning objectives, encourage students to recall previous knowledge, introduce a new topic, provide guidance, enable students to apply learned knowledge and skills, provide feedback, achievement evaluate, and improve retention. and knowledge transfer.
- Create a realistic timeline – To achieve the learning goals, you need to create a realistic timeline.
- Plan the conclusion of the lesson – Here you summarize, evaluate and demonstrate your understanding of the key points.
Conclusion – Lesson plan format in Nigeria
If you have been teaching for a while, you will certainly confirm the importance of a lesson plan. Nothing can be more frustrating than walking into a classroom without a guide; it’s like being in a new city without a map. Therefore, this article, Complete Guide on How to Write a Lesson plan in Nigeria; will put you through everything you need to know about writing a lesson plan.